How to get into Bioinformatics?

There are many times when I tell the people that I am doing a PhD in bioinformatics, they are looking at me a bit weird like they don’t even know what that means. The simplest reply that I usually give is the analysis of biological data using informatics.

Nowadays there is a vast majority of biological technologies and developments (Next Generation Sequencing technologies) to extract information (genetic data) from humans and other species. These technologies are improving and they are becoming cheaper, more and more every day. However, even if we have millions of data, if we are not able to analyze, handle and understand them, they are useless.

This is the exact point that bioinformatics, an interdisciplinary science that involves biology, informatics, genetics, mathematics and chemistry comes to solve this problem. Things in bioinformatics could be done fast compared to the wet lab experiments that could take ages to finish and even if they finish, sometimes you need to rerun them because something went wrong in the process. However, one may think that reformatting, analyzing the data and producing graphs could be a bit boring but the real fun comes when you do understand the graphs and you make the real connection with biology.

To give an example, one of the goals of population geneticists is to analyze the data (e.g. through statistics) that will provide information about specific regions in the DNA that have a story to tell us. Identifying regions and as a consequence genes and even further pathways (networks of genes) in controls (healthy people) and cases (diseased people) can help to the earlier diagnosis of a disease such as diabetes which is one of the leading diseases, the prevalence of which is increasing more and more.

From Biology -> Informatics or from Informatics -> Biology?

How to get there?

In my opinion pure bioinformaticians like me are the ones that have the real problem (gap). This is because they don’t have a deep knowledge neither in biology nor informatics. The work of a biologist can’t be completely done without the help of a (bio-) informatician or the other way around. The reason for this is the following: the biologist will produce the results in the lab, but once he has the data he is unable to analyze and interpret them. Computational modeling of a biological system or the statistical analyses of a large-scale datasets are of crucial importance to provide a more general biological overview rather than just an opinion on the specific experiment under the specific parameters, limitations and even environmental conditions of the lab.

The question or statement that is pointed out usually from students is “Bioinformatics seems really difficult! I really don’t know if I can manage”.

The main aspect that someone needs to think is what it is more on demand in the job market. Obviously the technical knowledge and expertise of a bioinformatician are the skills that are required the most, in positions both in academia and industry and most of the times with a very good salary. However, this is not a sufficient reason to follow bioinformatics. One should ask oneself what it is the reason that he would like to follow this field (a question that you will probably be asked in many interviews as well). As Galileo Gakilei said: “Passion is the genesis of genius”.

Now how you will realize that you like bioinformatics? Certainly, you can’t become passionate just from one course in the university. There are many things that you can do to help you understand this. The first and probably the easiest is to go to different conferences and seminars that will help you open your mind and see a different world. There you will have the opportunity to attend presentations from people with different backgrounds in the field of bioinformatics, each of who sees things from a little different perspective.

In the beginning of the conference you may feel that you don’t understand anything. However don’t get nervous or disappointed, this might be because the projects are too complicated with too much information. However, there is also the possibility that the speakers don’t explain their work well. Many researchers even though they are extremely intelligent, they find it amazingly difficult to describe their work to a third person. Have in mind that even if bioinformatics is an multidisciplinary field, in a presentation you need to keep as much as possible the parts of informatics, biology etc separately in order to give the opportunity to the others (informatician, biologists etc) to understand their part.

The most crucial point for you in such conferences is to meet these people, talk with them, get advice and feedback on the field: what you could follow exactly in bioinformatics (genomics, proteomics etc) according to your interests? information about well known universities and even possible scholarships for which could apply. Have in mind that fellowships and awards are things that will make your CV distinct among the million others that have applied for the same job.

There is also always google and books to get more informed about bioinformatics but it is less interesting rather than getting to know people or students that had these experiences themselves. You have fun, get informed and grow up your communicational circle, all at the same time.

What about Marie Curie?

Previously I talked about scholarships. Having the honor to be a Marie Curie ambassador, as a fellow of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions and more specifically of the Innovative Training Networks (ITN), I will talk a bit more about this. Marie-Curie scholarships named after the Polish-French researcher Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (MSCA), being the first woman that won a Nobel Prize is probably the best and the most well paid fellowship in Europe. Getting such a fellowship can be very difficult as it is a very competitive program

The goal of MSCA is to train researchers at all stages of their career, independent of nationality offering them experiences both in academy and private sectors not only on bioinformatics but training on organizational, communicational and diplomatic skills as well. The knowledge and the expertise that one will acquire from a MSCA fellowship will make him appealing and attractive in the long-term future.

I received my degree from Greece in the field of Computational and Biomedical informatics in the University of Central Greece, I was then awarded with a BBSRC fellowship to attend the Master of Research in Computational Biology in the University of York, UK and immediately after that I was awarded with the Marie Curie scholarship which will allow me to complete my doctoral in almost one year and half gaining experience both in academia (University of Joseph Fourier, Grenoble and University of St.Andrews, UK) and industry (Era7, Granada Spain).

As an IEEE member and Marie-Curie fellow, I support and encourage the students to think about bioinformatics. I am more than happy to give further advice and information from my small experience in the field


Alexandra Vatsiou

Dr Sven Olof Öhrvik (1928-2014)

Dr Sven Olof Öhrvik (1928-2014)IEEE Region 8 mourns the death of past Director Dr Sven-Olof Ohrvik. Dr Öhrvik, who was Professor Emeritus at Lund University, died at age 85 on April 15, 2014. With his quiet, unassuming manner, he led our Region from 1989 to 1990, at a time when the Iron Curtain was opened and the Cold War had come to an end. His leadership ensured that members from the former Eastern Bloc countries could obtain better service from IEEE with the development.of new Sections. He was the first regional officer to visit some of these Sections, such as Belarus, which was very much appreciated by the members. During his term as Director the Moscow Section (which is today the Russia Section) was formed. In 1990 due to his initiative the IEEE Board of Directors held its first meeting outside of North America in Brussels, Belgium. In the same year he organized the first IEEE Region 8 Meeting outside of Region 8, providing an opportunity for Section Chairs and volunteer delegates to attend the IEEE Section Congress in Toronto, Canada.

Before Sven-Olof Öhrvik was appointed as the professor in the Faculty of Engineering and the Department of Applied Electronics at Lund University he had an outstanding career as a Development Manager at Ericson Radio Systems in Kista, Sweden. He is regarded as one of the foremost pioneers and visionaries in mobile communication. In the 1980s he presented a paper in which he predicted an unbelievable reduction in the size of the mobile phone. His solid theoretical and practical knowledge was invaluable to him as an engineering educator and academic leader.

Dr Öhrvik started his career as an IEEE volunteer in 1983 when he was elected Chair of the IEEE Sweden Section. He held this office for four years until 1987, and in1985/6 he also was Chair of the joint VT/COM/IT Chapter. In 1988 he was elected as IEEE Region 8 Director for the term 1989 to 1990, and continued to serve as a volunteer on several IEEE committees and boards.

We mourn the loss of Sven-Olof, and share the grief of his wife Lotte and his daughters. He will be sadly missed.

Kurt R. Richter
1991-1992 IEEE Director Region 8

Charles W Turner
1993-1994 IEEE Director Region 8

IEEE Academic: Larry K. Wilson Award Recipient

Rui Miguel Costa received, this past April 5, in Budapest, IEEE’s Larry K. Wilson Regional Student Activities Award, “For an extraordinary accomplishment called: IEEE IST Academic”.

It was awarded in 2013 by IEEE’s region 8, which comprehends all countries in Europe, Africa, and Middle East.

IEEE-IST Academic was founded by Rui, at the Taguspark campus of Instituto Superior Técnico. The launch was on May 21, 2012.

In July 2012, at the region 8 student branch congress in Madrid, Rui proposed a global project, of which IEEE-IST Academic was a pilot. The project received a Seed Grant from IEEE Foundation’s New Initiatives Program and was officially launched in September 2013. IEEE Academic is an international project, with college students and professors creating free educational materials together.

It was created by students and it is mostly student-driven: students record and edit videos, take care of logistics, coordinate across local groups, maintain the website, and train new people. Working side-by-side with professors, they are creating new contents (that will be freely available to everyone, everywhere) and trying to create new tools to support teaching. Dozens of local groups from over 15 countries are involved, with more countries joining by the month.

In May 13 and 14, IEEE Academic will be at Collision Conf, in Downtown Las Vegas, as part of Collide, that selects 150 of the world’s most promising startups.

IEEE Academic

Having difficulties landing the right job?

Don’t be discouraged. Make yourself stand out among the crowd!

On 23 April 2014, at 1:00 p.m. EST, the IEEE Job Site will host a Webinar – Job Seeker or Opportunity Magnet? - to help you obtain all the necessary tools you’ll need to confidently go out into the job market and land your ideal job.

In this 45 minute presentation you will learn:

  • Why most job seekers waste huge amounts of time and what you can do differently
  • Where top companies hunt for talent and what you can do to help catch their attention
  • Three simple job search strategies that consistently deliver exceptional results
  • One powerful mindset shift that will set you up for lifelong career success
  • What really distinguishes an opportunity magnet from a job seeker – and how you can become one

The presenter – Michael Junge – is a recruiting, staffing and career expert who is an MVP and Top Producer award winner in the staffing organization at Google, a five-time Recruiter of the Year in a national recruiting firm and author of the #1 book in Amazon’s “Job Markets and Advice” category.

More information can be found on this Website –


Date and Time: Wednesday, 23 April 2014 1:00 pm, Eastern Daylight Time

Call for Nominations: IEEE MGA Leadership Positions: deadline 1 April

The IEEE Member and Geographic Activities (MGA) Nominations and Appointments (N&A) Committee is soliciting nominations for the following 2015 leadership positions:

- MGA Vice President/Board Chair
- MGA Treasurer
- MGA Vice Chairs

-Geographic Unit Operations
-Information Management
-Member Development
-Strategic Management and Analysis
- Committee Chairs
-Admission and Advancement (IEEE)
-Awards and Recognition
-Center for Leadership Excellence (IEEE) Advisory
-Life Members (IEEE)
-Member Benefits Portfolio Advisory
-Membership Recruitment and Recovery
-Potentials Editorial Board
-Student Activities
-Women in Engineering (IEEE)
-Young Professionals (IEEE), formerly GOLD

The deadline to submit nominations for the above positions is 1 April 2014.

A complete list of available MGA positions, committee descriptions, and information on the MGA Nominations and Appointments process are available.

Nominate yourself or a colleague now

IEEE Presidential delegation to Africa – November 2013.

In November 2013, the leadership of IEEE visited stakeholders in several African countries to develop a better understanding of key opportunities to expand engineering capacity on the continent. The trip –the second of its kind in 2013— was intended help IEEE to refine and develop emerging efforts that are being pursued with the goal to strengthen, support and advance the engineering ecosystem in Africa.

The trip was led by 2013 IEEE President Peter W. Staecker and included visits in Kenya, Ghana and Tanzania. The other members of the delegation werel be Prof J. Roberto de Marca, President Elect;  Prof. Michael Lightner, Director and Vice President Educational Activities; Matthew Loeb, Staff Executive; Eileen Lach, General Counsel;  Tara Wisniewski, Director, Corporate Development.

President's Delegation - Nov 2013

During the trip, the delegation met with various private and public sector stakeholders including local section members, national ministries of education, science and technology, industry regulators, engineering academia, IBM Research – Africa, Samsung Engineering Academy, WHO Africa, UNDP, GeSCI and others

Webinar in R8: Tips for a successful technical publication

A webinar for “Tips for a successful technical publication” was organized in December 2013, by the IEEE R8 Educational Activities Sub-Committee (EASC) Continuing Education (CE), Niovi Pavlidou, Coordinator, and George Papadopoulos, Volunteer. The webinar was intended to the GOLD (Graduates Of the Last Decade) members of the IEEE in R8. The webinar was quite well disseminated through the IEEE e-Notice service, resulting to 126 registrations in the IEEE vtools platform. The event was organized on WebEx facilities and the attendance was satisfactory with about 50 participants taking place. Niovi Pavlidou welcomed the participants and introduced various subcommittees relating to technical activities, with emphasis on educational activities in R8. The central speaker of the webinar was Prof. George Karagiannidis, Editor-in-Chief, IEEE Comm. Letters. The duration of the webinar was one hour. Both Prof. Karagiannidis and the organizers-hosts of the event received the enthusiasm of the audience, who congratulated both the organization and the presentation, through many emails before and after the event, and through the WebEx instant messaging system. The successful event was recorded on the WebEx platform and is available to everyone for free in the website of IEEE R8 EASC Stay tuned to our future events.

George Papadopoulos, IEEE R8 Volunteer for Educational Activities
Niovi Pavlidou, IEEE R8 Coordinator for Educational Activities

2013 IEEE Assembly Election

The IEEE Assembly annually elects five Corporate Officers: IEEE Secretary, IEEE Treasurer, IEEE Vice President – Educational Activities, IEEE Vice President – Member and Geographic Activities, and IEEE Vice President – Publication Services and Products.

The elected officers will serve a one-year term.

The list of candidates (including biographies and positions statements) for the 2014 officers is available here.

The list of 2013 Assembly Delegates is available here.

The election will take place in New Brunswick, NJ, USA on 21 November 2013.

A manifesto for entrepreneurship & innovation to power growth in the EU


Drawn from the combined experience of dozens of Europeans who were lucky enough to imagine, build and grow successful businesses — businesses that created thousands of jobs — we have distilled 22 actions which, taken together, can give European businesses the best chance of future success. We now call on entrepreneurs, investors, advisers and other stakeholders across the continent to engage in this dialogue and share their views on the manifesto to help move us towards the adoption of this singular digital growth plan for the EU. Our recommendations are:

  1. Education & Skills

    The European Commission has said more needs to be done to give all children access to proper ICT training. A recent study made up of 190,000 responses from 27 European countries(4) highlighted that 20 per cent of secondary-level students have never (or almost never) used a computer in their school lessons and IT training for teachers is inadequate. Accordingly, we recommend to:

    Make teachers digitally confident and competent to rise to the challenge.

    No longer confined to computers or telecommunications, digital technologies now underline every aspect of our lives, from history research to art education to advanced mathematics, geography studies and more. Our children are born into a digital world in a way their teachers weren’t. If we want the next generation to use digital technologies to build a better world, we need to ensure the individuals responsible for guiding and instructing them are as comfortable and capable using such digital technologies themselves.

    Teach our children the principles, processes and the passion for entrepreneurship from a young age.

    If we want our younger generation to start their own business we need to teach them how to do so. We need to excite them and instil in them the passion (and pride) to do so. We can’t expect every 12 year old to start their own company. But every 12 year old should know what it means to take an idea, validate it and make something they can offer to other people as a product or a service. The tools and the knowledge are all out there. We just need to make sure the passion is present.

    Encourage university students to start a business before they graduate.

    In the US many students start their business before they even graduate — 20% of the students at CalTech, Stanford and Berkeley. This gives students a taste of what it’s like to start and operate a business while remaining in a structured, supportive environment that acts as a ‘safety net’ in case their plans fail. By the time most students leave university their willingness to take risks drops dramatically, and with it the likelihood that they’ll start or join a startup. Universities should create more entrepreneurship courses and set up a network of Student Entrepreneurship Centres / Incubators (through partnerships if needed) that can provide students with support and funding to translate their ideas into reality.

    Prepare graduates for a radically different marketplace.

    The skills required for thriving in today’s job market are very different from what they were even a decade ago, yet most universities have done little to change their curriculum or provide graduates with new tools and skills. In the short term (12-24 months), EU countries should offer a ‘digital certificate course’ that will help graduates acquire the basic digital skills to make them more valuable to prospective employers. In the medium term (2-3 years) EU countries should ensure their universities add digital components to most of the subjects they teach. Greater consideration and structured support should also be provided to university students in finding part-time work experience, summer jobs and internships to supplement their academic qualifications. This will provide valuable experience of the workplace, enabling them to develop transferable skills and enhance their employability.

    Encourage large companies to provide training for the general public.

    While the skills shortage spotlight is focused on computer science and technology, companies aren’t built by programmers alone. There is an equal, if not greater shortage of management and communications skills across the EU. To build and grow a business, entrepreneurs need experienced managers, salespeople, HR managers, and other professionals who can help them to scale their businesses. Large corporations have become extremely adept at providing these skills and should be encouraged to open their training programs and facilities to greater numbers of people. Those who benefit from such training should then be encouraged to join rather than found startups (which the corporates might even fund). Companies can help much more effectively than the government can, because they own the environment in which people can learn how to manage by doing.

    (4) A survey of schools, ICT in Education, February 2013

  2. Access to Talent

    McKinsey(5) has identified a growing gap between the needs of employers and skills of employees – 26 per cent of employers in Europe have difficulty filling jobs for lack of talent. Many aspiring entrepreneurs simply leave Europe to seek their fortunes elsewhere. There are an estimated 50,000 Germans in Silicon Valley, and an estimated 500 startups in the San Francisco Bay area with French founders6. Accordingly, we recommend to:

    Turn Europe into the easiest place for highly-skilled talent to start a company and get a job by rolling out a pan-European Startup Visa.

    This visa will make it easier for non-EU entrepreneurs to start a business in Europe and make it easier for EU companies to hire non-EU talent to join their startup.

    Make it easy for companies to hire outside their home countries.

    Europe has done much to make the labour market fluid – any European can now work in any other European country. But the hiring market — a company’s ability to hire and employ in an EU country outside their own – remains complex and expensive. This form of remote employment, where a company hires one or more people outside of their home market is set to increase. We need to make it simpler to hire people without setting up a local subsidiary.

    Make it easier for companies to let employees go.

    Businesses’ needs change. Market demand ebbs and flows. Employees don’t always fulfil their potential or deliver what is required of them. For European businesses to become truly competitive, we need to make it easier for them to let employees go and manage out and fire under- performers. For many businesses around the world considering starting a new office in the EU, a key constraint will be their hesitation of being left with a workforce that cannot be adapted to the realities of today’s and tomorrow’s markets.

    Bring the best brains back home.

    Virtually every country in the EU has watched helplessly as some of its best and brightest minds leave for the US. This ‘brain drain’ has made a negative impact on all aspects of our economies, creating a vacuum in thought leadership, advanced research and basic academia, to name a few. EU countries must launch targeted campaigns aimed at bringing their talent back home, through research grants, logistical support and public recognition.

    (5) McKinsey Global Institute – Help wanted: The future of work in advanced economies, March 2012 byJames Manyika, Susan Lund, Byron Auguste and Sreenivas Ramaswamy
    (6) The Economist, July 28th 2012

  3. Access to Capital

    The scale of decline in VC investment is staggering — it has approximately halved in both the Euro area and the European Union as a whole since 2008. The aggregate decline in later stage investment is even steeper, for both the Euro area and the EU as a whole. Accordingly, we recommend to:

    Increase private and institutional investment in startups.

    Offer a range of tax reliefs to investors who purchase new shares in high-risk companies, such as those introduced by the UK’s Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) and Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS). At the moment, many European startups need to pursue funding outside of their own country (and often outside of Europe). When funding is raised successfully the team is in most cases required to move to the country where the funds come from. This means a talent drain in the short period and also capital loss in the mid-long term.

    In addition, steps should be taken to encourage business builders to recycle the wealth they have generated in growing successful companies into investments in the entrepreneurial success stories of tomorrow. Multiple options exist, ranging from following the Israeli example of allowing angel investors to recognise their startup investments as losses in the year of the investment effectively providing a tax break for those who have capital gains in other businesses/startups; through to allowing investors to offset wealth tax if they invest in a small EU company.

    Make it easier for high-growth companies to raise capital through public markets.

    Make such markets a more accessible and attractive source of capital for these businesses, similar to the London Stock Exchange’s High Growth Segment. In addition, given their relative contribution to the economy, we recommend the creation of a fully-fledged Internet and Mobile category in EU stock markets, reducing the incentive for successful European companies to go public in the US, throwing the spotlight on the sector’s profitability and helping counteract any investor reticence.

    Buy more from smaller businesses.

    Government subsidies are one way to help SMEs flourish. The other is ensuring the government itself procures more from these companies. Across the EU, the vast majority of government procurement contracts are filled by large, often multinational businesses. For many entrepreneurs, selling to the government is all but impossible — navigating the procurement process is complex and existing suppliers have become so entrenched that unseating them discourages many entrepreneurs from even trying. If EU governments want to kick start the engines of growth in their countries, they must commit to shifting a certain percentage of their procurement contracts to smaller firms.

    Institute an E-Corp: a new type of cross- European corporation.

    Setting up a company in each country in the EU presents its own set of barriers. Requirements that once made sense, from the minimum amount of money required to launch a business to not having access to shares to complex legal requirements for even the smallest business now simply impede on our ability to build new businesses. We recommend the creation of a new type of corporation — the E-Corp that has unified requirements across the EU and can be done by anyone in under 24 hours. This would simplify not only the creation of new businesses but make it easy for cross-border investments to flow from investors in one country to companies in another.

    Tax share options as capital gains, not income.

    In Europe, individuals who receive share options in a company often have to pay ordinary income tax on these options, reducing their attractiveness as a mechanism for both attracting talent and rewarding risk-taking. We recommend that share options offered by companies in Europe be taxed as capital gains, not ordinary income.

    (7) EVCA capital/index_en.htm

  4. Data Policy, Protection & Privacy

    Data regulations in Europe are outdated, making it easy for companies to fall prey to privacy breaches (and thus deterring them from entering the EU to begin with). While more needs to be done to consistently and effectively protect consumers, most EU governments lag in providing access to their own data — a cornerstone of improving their services and lowering their operating expenses. Accordingly, we recommend to:

    Revise and normalise data protection laws.

    The lack of a unified data protection law in Europe erects unnecessary obstacles for companies wanting to transact with and across the region. This is partially why only 12 per cent of all internet transactions made by European consumers are transnational. As a whole, Europe’s laws are far more restrictive than the US, putting US companies and the US in general at an advantage on what otherwise should be a level playing field. We call for the adoption of a new EU data protection law by all EU countries.

    Remove the requirement for data providers to store information in any given country.

    With so much information and so many systems moving from local server facilities to the Cloud, requiring companies doing business in an EU country to also keep their servers in the same country is an antiquated approach that heightens costs, increases barriers to free trade and reduces resilience.

    Make government data public.

    The irony of public data in the EU is that so little of it is actually public. From transportation to treasury to tender information, opening up government data can increase transparency and trust, while increasing citizen engagement, empowerment and equality. In addition, unlocking public data from its shackles allows innovative companies to introduce new products and services that can further reduce the dependence on central government and create new businesses at the same time.

    Make governments think digitally.

    To stay relevant and effective at a time of decreasing budgets and public support, governments must use ‘digital thinking’ to reduce costs while improving the services provided to citizens. Governmental departments should operate on a single technology platform, following the same technology principles that are as good, if not better than the other platforms its citizens now interact with on a daily basis.

  5. Thought Leadership

    Europe has many entrepreneurial success stories, some incredible talent and some amazingly innovative ideas. In many countries, there are dozens of IPO-ready tech companies today poised to capitalise on the global internet economy but we need more and we need those we have nurtured to thrive and grow in the EU rather than seeking their fortunes in America. Accordingly, we recommend to:

    Initiate a mentality shift across Europe in terms of how we define success.

    Our cultures celebrate celebrities and athletes, musicians and actors. Entrepreneurs who make a real impact on peoples’ livelihoods need to be celebrated too. We need everyone to get excited about innovation and entrepreneurship, not just techies. This means promoting the path of entrepreneurship as a credible career alternative and celebrating successful business builders as heroes. It also means democratising the tools and processes of starting new businesses and offering them to anyone with the courage and willingness to start one.

    Appoint a Chief Digital Officer for every country in the EU.

    The impact of appointing a Digital Champion by each Member State to help them promote the benefits of an inclusive digital society is already being felt — but we need to do more. Permanent, full-time CDOs will help to ensure digital innovation makes an impact on every industry and opens up the government to more transparency and more collaboration with its constituents.

    Create a ‘best practices’ repository.

    Provide a resource where local and national governments can share the best ‘hacks’ they found to achieve immediate impact.

    Establish a Digital European Forum.

    Bring together leading entrepreneurs, politicians and policy makers for the purposes of establishing a common understanding and common set of goals in translating this manifesto into action.

IEEE Education Fair – 21-24 October 2013

IEEE Educational Activities is hosting a virtual education fair 21-24 October 2013 titled, IEEE Education Fair: Envisioning the Future of Science, Technology, and Engineering Education”.

The Fair is intended to raise awareness of engineering and technology education needs with a view into the next 10 – 15 years; areas of focus include educational trends for pre-university, university and continuing education audiences.  It will also incorporate virtual booths providing access for the attendees to a variety of IEEE programs, products, and services.

The four-day event has dedicated the final day to Hot Topics, bringing to the Fair subject matter experts in the areas of Cyber Security, Smart Grid and Cloud Computing.

The IEEE Education Fair is designed for a global audience – to register, visit

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